Design of Silicon TE0/TE1 Mode Router Using Mach-Zehnder and Multimode Interferometers
This paper proposes a new design of two-mode three-port optical mode router for mode division multiplexing systems. The device consists of a Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI) and a multimode interferometer (MMI), which utilizes silicon material for photonic integrated circuits (PIC). By setting appropriate values for the two butterfly-shaped phase shifters (PSs) at MZI and MMI, the input mode, either transverse electric (TE) modes TE0 or TE1, can be routed to the desired output among the three output ports. The device is designed and optimized via three-dimensional beam propagation method (3D BPM). The proposed device achieves very low insertion loss and small cross-talk, which are less than 0.4 dB and -24.5 dB, respectively, over the whole C band.
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